Tag Archives: investment portfolios

Points of View: UK Market Review

The end of June brought with it the end of the first half of this calendar year.  This week I take a look back over the period since 1 January and consider the relative attractions of the UK market.

Stock markets suffered their first meaningful fall for nearly two years at the start of the year. Having hit a peak of approximately 7800 in January, the FTSE 100 fell nearly 12% to a 12-month low of just under 6900 in late March. Since then, stock markets have promptly recovered and again sit close to all-time highs.

Despite this, the UK stock market is stubbornly out-of-favour with global investors thanks to the political uncertainties of Brexit and the threat of a left-wing government coming into power with a mandate to hike taxes and nationalise large parts of the economy. Indeed, global investors have clearly taken a consensus underweight position on the FTSE, which is arguably at its most unloved point in decades relative to other developed stock markets.

On the one hand this is frustrating for UK investors, but on the other hand it is re-assuring; looking forward, it seems to us that the UK stock market offers very attractive relative value for long-term investors. The FTSE 100, for example, currently yields approximately 3.8%; in contrast, the yield offered by the S&P is 500 is a miserly 1.9%. Moreover, it is important to remember that the UK economy is not the same as the UK stock market. There is some overlap, but it is far less deep than most people assume. The domestic macroeconomics of the UK has very little to do with the collection of international businesses the make up the UK stock market. To this extent, the UK stock market provides a natural hedge against any woes that befall the UK economy.



Stocks in Focus: DS Smith

DS Smith, the international packaging company, announced its intention to purchase the Spanish based Papeles y Cartones de Europa, S.A (known as Europac) on Monday 4 June 2018. The deal, costing €1.9bn, follows a trend set by the company of continuing to consolidate the European market in packaging. Further news of the acquisition is expected in June along with the annual results.

The acquisition is at the higher end of valuations to other European deals; but comes with potential cost saving synergies of circa €50m. Management have a good track record and experience in integrating European businesses.  The company is planning to finance the transaction with a fully underwritten rights issue of approximately £1bn with the remainder funded by debt. This deal is expected to enhance earnings from year one and while debt will increase in the short term, the company is targeting a reduction over the longer term.

DS Smith has been on an aggressive acquisition path. This is the second purchase of 2018, and the company made two in 2017. The fragmented paper and packaging industry is still ripe for consolidation but even without acquisition growth, volumes are still predicted to rise.  In the company’s trading update on 1 May 2018 it stated strong performance with both volume growth and successful cost savings from earlier purchases.

Investor sentiment remains positive, endorsing management’s progress in carrying out their strategy to drive growth both organically and through acquisitions. The Europac deal does not come completely without risk as the cost synergies still have to be delivered and the extra debt does weigh on the balance sheet even if it is only intended for the short term. We will watch closely to see whether the company can consolidate the various new businesses without getting distracted.


Stocks in Focus: Reckitt Benckiser

This week I am looking at Reckitt Benckiser, a British multinational consumer goods company.  The company, known for brands such as Dettol, Nurofen and Durex, released its first quarter trading update on 20th April, quoting a 2 per cent like-for-like sales growth against the same period last year. Whilst the results appeared reasonable, they narrowly missed analyst expectations and the share price fell on the back of this.

Management has been enthusiastically engaging in M&A activity in an attempt to promote growth in the current economic environment. The purchase in February 2017 of Mead Johnson, an international baby formula manufacturer, continues to integrate well. There have been reported cost-saving synergies of $25m so far and an expectation of $300m over the next three years. Following the acquisition, 50% of group revenue now comes from higher margin consumer healthcare brands. In an attempt to streamline the business the company also restructured itself into two separate divisions in January: health and home hygiene. With health clearly the growth driver of the business, management are now reviewing the lower margin home hygiene division.

Furthermore, following a strategic review of its food businesses, Reckitt Benckiser finalised a deal in the summer to sell its “French’s Food” brands to McCormick & Company Inc. The deal was completed for a cash sum of $4.2 billion and received well by investors. The company stated the cash would be used to reduce debt from the aforementioned Mead Johnson acquisition and continue to consolidate the business into more defined divisions.

Despite the recent setbacks, management remain confident that the steps taken to focus the business will continue to drive long term growth.  With its portfolio of power brands enabling the company to enjoy comparably high operating margins, it will be important to see whether this can be maintained under growing pressures from global competitors.


Points of View: Schroder Asia Pacific

This week I am looking at Schroder Asia Pacific, an investment trust which invests in equities listed in the Asia Pacific region excluding Japan. The fund has been managed by Matthew Dobbs since inception in 1995 and has become the largest trust in the sector.

Performance of the fund has been very strong over the last 3 years, 51% vs 29% for the MSCI Asia ex Japan benchmark, which has been driven by large weightings to Chinese and technology based stocks.

Chinese equities make up around half of the portfolio (this is c3.7% overweight compared to the benchmark) and this has been steadily increasing over the last couple of years. Mr Dobbs gains exposure to these stocks through the Chinese and Hong Kong stock exchanges, traditionally preferring the Hong Kong listed companies due to tougher listing requirements and better corporate governance. Mr Dobbs feels that this weighting is justified due to favourable economic conditions and a shift towards services and the consumer.

Technology is the largest sector weighting in this fund at 34%. Over the last 18 months the technology sector has seen strong performance and those listed in Asia have been no different. Despite the strong rise in the share price of companies like Alibaba and Tencent (the Chinese equivalent of Amazon and Facebook respectively), Mr Dobbs feels that these companies will continue to be the key beneficiaries of the technological disruption going on in the region. Tencent already has around 320m users who spend more than 4 hours a day on the platform.

Arguably, the large weightings to China and technology increase the risk of the fund. However, over the 23 years since inception, Mr Dobbs and his team have established a great track-record of identifying drivers of growth for the fund to benefit from.


Stocks in Focus: Greene King

This week I am looking at Greene King, following a strong share performance at the end of last week after announcing its pre-close update.  The share price jumped over 10% on Thursday 12 April and, at the point of writing, has continued to rise since.

Recent snow and cold weather negatively impacted sales and contributed to an overall fall in sales when compared with last year.  Like-for-like sales were down 1.8% for the first 49 weeks of its financial year.   Accommodation and drinks had positive like-for-like sales, indicating that the food-led pubs were the weakest part of Greene King’s business.  The results were broadly in line with consensus, however the shares rose strongly following the announcement.  Sentiment has been low towards the stock and investors reacted positively to a lack of bad news.

Greene King continues to operate in a competitive industry, facing a number of challenges.  Food-led pubs in particular face significant competition, which is putting pressure on margins and issues with Greene King’s Fayre and Square brand have further impacted profits.  Looking forward, consumer spending remains an on-going question and real wage growth remains flat.  However, the shares look cheap on a valuation basis and pay a dividend yield of approximately 5.8%.  Greene King’s management would also point out that the dividend has increased for the last 64 years – an impressive record.  The recent share price movement may be an indication that sentiment towards the stock is changing and goes to show that for an out-of-favour stock, no bad news can sometimes be good news.


Point of View: US/China Trade

The swing towards populist politics around the world continues to add strength to nationalist agendas and, in turn, act as a catalyst for trade frictions. Of particular concern to investors is the escalating trade fight between the US and China, which has been set in motion by the protectionist policies that have been coming out of the White House since early March.

Initially, the Trump administration announced hefty tariffs of 25% and 10% on steel and aluminium imports respectively. The move was broadly condemned (the EU, for example, threatened tariffs on bourbon, jeans and Harley-Davidson motorcycles in response) and broad-based exclusions were quickly rolled out for its allies. Subsequently, and more significantly, Mr Trump has chosen to target China alone. Towards the end of March he announced tariffs on up to $60bn of annual Chinese imports and stated that Beijing needs to pay the price for decades of unfairly acquiring US intellectual property. For its part, Beijing quickly revealed plans to apply tariffs on 128 US products (accounting for roughly $3bn in imports) and stated its intention not to back down. Since those announcements, there have been further tit-for-tat statements and the Trump administration is reportedly planning tariffs on an additional $100bn of Chinese imports.

This is clearly a concern as escalating trade tensions between the two largest economies in the world could inflict meaningful damage to global growth prospects. Our view is that investors should expect common sense to prevail. Politicians in democracies need growth and prosperity to be re-elected. Tariffs are therefore likely to settle at a level that is mildly inflationary but does not significantly curtail economic activity and growth.


Points of View: Witan Investment Trust

This week I am looking at Witan Investment Trust, a UK-listed fund that invests in global equities through a multi-manager approach. The manager and CEO, Andrew Bell, has been leading the Trust since 2010 and has been responsible for a significant refinement of the strategy, moving the fund towards managers that have higher conviction portfolios and a greater focus on company fundamentals.

Over the last 18 months the fund has made several changes to the line-up of external managers to reflect the new strategy. Previously, the fund has used index-trackers to gain exposure to Europe and Emerging Markets as the investment team felt that they needed more time to identify suitable active managers. The fund now only consists of active managers and has seen the total number of managers used fall to 10, as Andrew felt they did not need five global portfolio managers and moved the assets to be split evenly between the three in which they had the highest conviction.

Mr Bell and his team feel that with higher global debt, rising interest rates and the reduction of global quantitative easing it was extremely important to focus on portfolios where the managers have the highest conviction in their best ideas. As a result of these changes the fund is now invested in around 350 companies, down from around 550. These changes also mean that its ‘active share’, a measure of how different the underlying holdings are to the index, increased from 70% to 77%.

The multi-manager approach adopted by Witan has proved successful so far and has outperformed the peer group over the long-term. However, the fund does still hold a larger than usual number of underlying holdings. Some funds with this many holdings run the risk of becoming similar to an index-tracker but with higher ongoing costs for the investor.